Stereoview of The Hoosac Tunnel, Massachusetts USA c. 1875

No. 808 Hoosac Tunnel

This is a bird's-eye view of the Tunnel and other buildings from Blood's Hill.

Photographer / publisher : Hurd & Ward

Date: c. 1870/1875

Dimensions: 8,5 x 17,5 cm

In good condition.

The Hoosac Tunnel (also called Hoosic or Hoosick Tunnel) is a 4.75-mile (7.64 km) active railroad tunnel in western Massachusetts that passes through the Hoosac Range, an extension of Vermont's Green Mountains. It runs in a straight line from its east portal, along the Deerfield River in the town of Florida, to its west portal in the town of North Adams.

Work began in 1851 under an estimated cost of $2 million and ended in 1875, having consumed $21 million. At its completion, the tunnel was the world's second-longest, after the 8.5-mile (13.7 km) Mont Cenis Tunnel through the French Alps. It was the longest tunnel in North America until the 1916 completion of the Connaught Tunnel under Rogers Pass in British Columbia, and remains the longest active transportation tunnel east of the Rocky Mountains.

The tunnel remains an active freight rail line, owned by Pan Am Railways and operating without a schedule. "No Trespassing" signs are posted throughout the area and it is illegal to enter the tunnel or walk on the railroad tracks without permission. The tunnel is frequently monitored by Boston & Maine Police.

"Hoosac" is an Algonquian word meaning "place of stones".


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